The selection criteria is implicit in the original XII Travelers Proposal as approved by the Tax Increment Finance Board (TIF) in 1988. The XII Travelers Memorial of the Southwest was conceived by sculptor John Houser to commemorate the regional development of the American Southwest across 400 years of history at the Pass of the North (1535 - 1910). It is not a local chapbook of virtuous personalities. It is a multicultural and multi-racial drama of epic proportions. It deals with conflict and conciliation, hardship and success; brutality and humanity. It is twelve men and women chosen to represent twelve eras - to stand as icons for themselves and their times. These are the pegs upon which we hang our history and form which legends flourish.
In this history facts do not shrink from the fury of Villistas along our southern borders, nor conceal the tide of refugees. Facts do not shrink from Estebanico's Black Moroccan heritage nor from the Buffalo Soldiers' dusky heroism. Facts welcome the Native American as the first inhabitant, generous co-residents and defender of his liberty. Facts recognize the intrepid courage of the Spaniard and the desperation of his actions. Facts condemn John Wesley Hardin as the personification of a wild and lawless era. Facts underline the Mestizo, the Jew, the Chinese, the Anglo and more. In this dance of history, facts honor women for the unique significance of their contributions. This is not an attempt to be politically correct. It is historically accurate. But the romance and excitement of our past in monumental broke will also educate our people, attract visitors and beautify our city
The XII Travelers
The XII Travelers Memorial of the Southwest will be an integrated sculpture walk through history comprising twelve separate (bronze, over-life size) monuments. The memorial will include individuals, groupings and equestrians that will serve as metaphors for historical meovements and periods. The following is a list (in chronological order) of histroical personalities that have been suggested by the sculpotro and histroians and anthropologiests. Four of the Twelve Travelers sculptrual groupings have been approved by the city and include (1) Fray García de San Francisco;(2) Don Juan de Oñate, (3) Susan Shelby Magoffin, and (4) Benito Juárez.
Mexico's Zapotec President: Developing Democracy to the South (1864 - 1865)
Susan Shelby Magoffin
Down the Santa Fe Trail: The Santa Fe / Chihuahua Trail (1821 - 1880)
Don Juan de Oñate
The Colonizer: The Spanish Settlement of the Southwest (1598 - 1680)
Fray García de San Francisco
Founder of the Pass of the North: The Building of the Missions (1598 - 1740)
The XII Travlers Memorial of the Southwest is an integrated sculpture tour through history comprising of twelve separate (bronze, over life-size) monuments. The memorial includes individuals, groupings, equestrians that serve as metaphors for histrical movements and periods.